Monday, August 24, 2020

Willy Loman, An Idiot with A Dream in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman :: Death of a Salesman

Willy Loman, An Idiot with A Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman  â â A typical thought introduced in writing is the issue of the opportunity of the person contrary to the controlling weights of society. Willy Loman, the principle character in Death of A Salesman by Arthur Miller, typifies this kind of individual; one who looks to his companions furthermore, co-sales rep as lesser people. Not exclusively was he serious and tyrannical, however Willy Loman looked for after an perfect that he would never turn into: the best sales rep ever. Resolved to bring in cash, Willy got wild what's more, fairly crazy. Through his exchange and activities, Willy Loman depicts a character of weakness, tirelessness, what's more, obscure character.  â â From the absolute starting point of his life, Willy Loman experienced issues with his prevalence and character. His last name is a play on words on a low man. He is at the base of the business world as an ineffective sales rep. In expansion, his hypotheses on life and society end up being very debasing, also compelling to his outlook each day. Willy accepts that being popular and having a individual appeal, together, can bring achievement, cash, also, numerous companions. Amusingly, Willy doesn't have numerous companions and numerous individuals don't care for him. With a marvel in contrast to other people, Willy feels that entryways will open and issues will all vanish.  â â As a sales rep, Willy created numerous preventions that made his brain fall apart. His life as a sales rep was based on a fantasy that he saw as a kid. At an early age, Willy knew about a sales rep, Dave Singleman, who could make his living out of a lodging. Singleman was very effective and when he passed on, individuals from everywhere throughout the nation went to his memorial service. It was this perfect Willy Loman looked for after. All he at any point needed was notoriety, notoriety, and a couple of companions. Lamentably, when Willy kicked the bucket, not a solitary individual went to his memorial service. His life, one that was spent attempting to turn into someone else, specifically Dave Singleman, was a loss as nobody even needed to see him covered.  â â In impression of his profession with the Wagner Company, numerous different issues emerged that constrained monetary troubles on him and his family. He was resolved to live by goals that put him above every other person. It was with these untruths what's more, deceptions such Willy's reality started to lose its quality of

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Performance management in UFI Essay

Before UFI can begin giving representatives rewards or start to sack individuals they have to know how well they and the business is performing. On the tenth of May every year UFI will discharge their finish of year report, which shows how well they have performed during the previous year, on a similar date they additionally discharge the goals for the year continuing. This is the point at which the business hand out their â€Å"UFI arranging and criticism form† (connected) to every representative to fill in as needs be. Investigation of UFI arranging and input structure S1 = This sheet is to show who has filled the structure in, who their line director is and to orchestrate a date to audit how they are getting along and in the event that they are on track to arrive at the goals S2 = On sheet two the worker records his/her goals, which is clearly significant as they have to know their destinations so they can focus on them! The need of the goal is additionally recorded, this is likewise a significant assignment since it is normal in each part of work for certain zones to have a higher need then others. On the off chance that the business needs to point more into one course, at that point another then it will need its representatives to accomplish the work that will enable the business to prevail here. At last on this sheet is the â€Å"summary of accomplishment including exhibit of values† which in laymen terms implies = ‘what you have done’ S3 = If the representative feels that he/she needs preparing in a specific zone in this manner improving their profitability for the business then they compose that in here. By doing this, UFI are ensuring that every one of their representatives are gifted people who are competant and ready to accomplish work that is asked of them. Likewise on this sheet is the chiefs summery, which, as the name proposes, is the place the representatives supervisor sums up on his/her laborers execution. S4 = On sheet five is the â€Å"end of year shading band.† This is a key for you to tick where you feel the depiction best shows how well you have functioned for this present year. By doing this UFI can dissect how well their staff accept they have done, for example in the event that they utilized 200 individuals ==> Yellow = 5 Purple = 14 Red = 114 Green = 47 Blue = 20 At that point with this data UFI could draw up outlines, charts or anything they desire to do with it. Additionally on this sheet there is a segment titled â€Å"individual’s comments.† This space is all the more then prone to be filled in with individuals who have quite recently ticked the yellow or purple box with reasons/reasons of why they haven’t ticked the purple box! S5 = on this sheet is the key for the shading band for the sheet previously. Another motivation behind why UFI utilizes this shading band is for representative spirit. As most likely most of workers will tick the red, green or blue boxes, they at that point turn the page and read that they are so imperative to the organizations drive to progress. What could be better for your inner self at that point perusing ==> â€Å"You have been a good example in the exhibit of UFI’s values†?

Monday, July 20, 2020

Unique Gifts Writers are Guaranteed to Love

Unique Gifts Writers are Guaranteed to Love Looking for a special gift for the writer in your life? Weve scoured the web to find products and subscription services that we think are the perfect fit. From witty fashion to shot glasses featuring famous writers and their thoughts on drinkingâ€"youre sure to find something that will make the perfect gift.The Writers Toolbox: Creative Games and Exercises for Inspiring the Write Side of Your BrainThe Writers ToolboxThe Writers Toolbox kit is a thoughtful one because for many writers, the hardest part of what they do is just getting started. Designed by creative writing teacher Jamie Cat Callan, it includes a 64-page book filled with exercises intended to get a creative plot rolling. The book provides first sentences, non-sequiturs, and last straws to help get stories started, as well as spinner palettes to introduce unexpected plot twists.Writer T-shirts by independent designersWriter T-shirts by independent designersNoted for its online marketplace full of handmade and unique desig ns, Etsy is a great resource for looking for just the right gift for the writer in your life. Its writer t-shirt collection is an easy way to browse for a statement piece that fits into any writers wardrobe. From witty to infamous and everything in between, what better way to treat a writer than with something soft and comfortable for them to write in?Digital voice recorder with built-in USBDigital voice recorder with built-in USBA digital voice recorder is a standard tool of the trade in most writing professions. Smartphones have limited capability in capturing voices in wider ranges, so most writers turn to a digital voice recorder for interviews, which are part of the process of putting together any contentâ€"from journalism and technical manuals to marketing and creative fiction. Digital voice recorders like Sonys series with built-in USB allows for quick transfer of recorded interviews to a PC or laptop, with expandable storage (Micro SD card) for up to thousands of hours of re cording.Cocktail Courier subscriptionCocktail CourierLord Byron, Oscar Wilde, Dorothy Parker…alcohol and writing have gone together like peanut butter and jelly for, well, a long time. So, what better gift to give the writer in your life than a subscription to the worlds greatest cocktails from the worlds best bartenders from Cocktail Couriers? With prices starting at $50 per month, you can choose a 3-month, 6-month, or 12-month subscription. Your favorite writer will then receive a box delivered monthly, biweekly, or weekly (your choice) full of all the necessary ingredients (including garnish and step-by-step instructions) to make between 4-12 alcoholic beverages. Oh, and of course, alcohol is included.On Writing: A Memoir of the CraftOn Writing: A Memoir of the Craft by Stephen KingFew modern writers are as prolific and successful as Stephen King, which is why his half biography/half how-to-manual, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, is such a great read. In it, he talks about t he basic tools of his trade, including how and why a writer should always have them on hand, so its highly informative. He also has a lot of inspirational advice for writers dealing with rejection and trying to set positive and productive work habits in their daily writing practice.Phrase Books/ Writers ThesauriPhrase Books/ Writers Thesauri by Angela AckermanWhile there are hundreds of phrase books and writers thesauri on the market, this set by Angela Ackerman really breaks it all down into digestible chunks. Ackerman is a writing coach, international speaker, and co-author of six bestselling books for writers. Her books are available in six languages, are sourced by US universities, and are used by novelists, screenwriters, editors, and psychologists around the world. Ackerman is also co-founder of Writers Helping Writers as well as One Stop for Writers, an innovative online library built to help writers elevate their storytelling.Literary coffee mugsLiterary coffee mugs by the U nemployed Philosophers GuildThese 12 oz. mugs are perfect for writers looking for that extra inspiration with their first cup of coffee in the morning. From banned books to first lines of literature to Edgar Allen Poe, the selection is so good, you might want to get more than one! All mugs are microwave safe. Theyre also sold by the Unemployed Philosophers Guild, which is a small, Brooklyn-based company specializing in unique gifts for sophisticated tastes.6-piece shot glass set of famous literary lushes6-piece shot glass set of famous literary lushesAnother creation from the sophisticated minds at the Unemployed Philosophers Guild, this shot glass set celebrates six immortal literary figures who are as famous for their drinking as they are for their work. 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Thursday, May 21, 2020

Example Answer to Exam on Entrepreneurship - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2432 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Many academic studies have tried to offer an explanation to why people engage in entrepreneurial activities and what factors influence individuals to decide to become entrepreneurs. The answers range from individual characteristics like genetic reasons (Nocolaou et al., 2008), the possession of balanced skills (Lazear, 2005), psychological and personality traces (Zhao and Seibert, 2006) to environmental factors like institutional settings (Aldrich and Fiol, 1994), geographic inertia created from social embeddedness (Sorensen and Sorensen, 2003) and the industry structure (Glaeser et al, 2009). Acknowledging those differences Thornton (1999) suggests that the entrepreneurship literature can be classified into two distinct schools: one called supply-side perspective and the other demand-side perspective and even though both are concerned about the same phenomena they use different approaches. According to Thornton, while the first is focused on the individual charac teristics of entrepreneurs, the second is concerned with the influence of the contextual factors on the creation or restriction of entrepreneurial behaviors. A careful and impartial analysis of the arguments presented by the different theoretical trends leads to the conclusion that it is not possible to isolate a single concept able to cover all different individual and environmental dimensions described in the entrepreneurship literature. In doing so researchers have behaved like the proverbial blind men trying to describe an elephant, with some concepts treating entrepreneurs like ropes, others like threes and still others like snakes (Carland and Carland, 2004). Thus, in order to have a full picture, or at least a better one, of the entrepreneurship phenomena it is advisable the use of more than one analytical level (e.g., individual and environmental). For example, while the founding of a firm may be understood as an act heavily dependent on the individual entrepreneur, as would be suggested by a supply-side approach, it is also very clear that a single individual is very unlikely to successfully mobilize without the necessary infrastructure, as suggested by the demand-side perspective (Thornton, 1999). This way, even though the isolation of specific factors can offer an efficient alternative to advance the entrepreneurship literature, it is important to keep open the possibility for the use of integrative frameworks. Venkataraman (1997) points out that the main concerns observed in the entrepreneurship literature has been clustered on three points: (1) How and why opportunities for the creation of goods and services arise in an economy (entrepreneurial opportunities); (2) How and Why some individuals are able to discover and exploit these opportunities while others cannot or do not, and, (3) what are the economic and social outcomes of an entrepreneurial act (for both the society and the individual entrepreneur). Trying to follow an integrative approac h some authors (e.g., Venkataraman, 1997; Shane, 2000; Chiles et al., 2007) suggest that the Austrian Tradition offers a comprehensive view that fits well with the different dimensions that encompass the entrepreneurship phenomenon. Notably two of the strongest contributions emerging from that theoretical school are Schumpeter and Kirzner (Chiles et al., 2007). Following the ideas of those theorists organizational scholars developed two different, but deeply correlated perspectives. The first is based on the Schumpeterian tradition and sees entrepreneurs as innovative and creative individuals that disrupt the economic order through a process that Schumpeter describes as creative destruction. And the second, following Kirzner, considers entrepreneurs as individuals who discover opportunities emerging from incorrectness and disequilibrium conditions and exploit them by moving the market toward an equilibrium condition (even though the equilibrium is never reached). Surprisingly, it is possible to observe a supplementary nature between those two perspectives, since the Schumpeterian entrepreneur would be the cause of disruption in the economic system that consequently will generate market failures, while the Kirznerian entrepreneur makes corrections (by acting entrepreneurially and taking advantage of market failures) and drives the economy to converge toward equilibrium again, creating suitable conditions for a new disruption (Chiles et al., 2007). The paragraphs that follow will try to discuss how those approaches can be used to consider and analyze issues regarding entrepreneurship. Following many of the assumption found in the Austrian School, Shane (2000) starts his approach to explain how and why entrepreneurs exist by describing entrepreneurial opportunities as opportunities for bringing into existence goods, services, raw materials and organizing methods that allow outputs to be sold by a price superior to their production costs. Moreover, according to him, the existence of market failures and information asymmetry are some of the two main determinants for the existence of entrepreneurial opportunities in an economy. The presence of market failures implies that resources are being misallocated and not put into their best use (Casson, 1982) and therefore there are possibilities for reorganization or creation of new ways for their use (an entrepreneurial act) (Cantner et al., 2007). A simple example of market failure that could generate an entrepreneurial opportunity would be the case of some unattended demands caused by a misalignment between the demand and supply for a specific good; in this case entrepreneurs would be inclined to enter this market and expand the offer (of the good in question) by means of satisfying the consumers needs and use the opportunity to generate and appropriate profit. Regarding the influence that information asymmetry has on the creation of opportunities for entrepreneurs, it is possible to infer that if all individuals had the same level of information (about market conditions and characteristics) at the same point in time (perfect information) they would be more likely to recognize the same opportunities and consequently would end up competing on price (those that decided to take advantage of that opportunity), what would reduce the incentives that individuals have to become entrepreneurs. Supporting this perspective Kaish and Gilad (1991) argue that entrepreneurs are opportunistic learners that act combining the search for information (opportunities) with the opportunistic reactions to chance events. This way, according to this perspective the presence of information asymmetry and the existence of market failures are critical determinants for the existence of entrepreneurial opportunities and therefore the very existence of entrepreneurs. The arguments above are only concerned with contextual explanations (present in the environment) while individual reasons were not discus sed, which at the very best produces an incomplete approach. In order to have a more comprehensive perspective Shane (2000) also concentrated his arguments on the fact that individuals are not equally likely to discover the same entrepreneurial opportunities. He tried to explain why individuals become entrepreneurs by suggesting that the possession of idiosyncratic information allows people to see particular opportunities that others cannot see. Considering that individuals have different stocks of knowledge formed from professional experiences, academic background, socio-economic context and situations that people pass over their lives, each individual is expected to be more likely to find certain opportunities and unlikely to find others. An important moderator present in the relationship between the discovery of opportunities and the possession of idiosyncratic knowledge is the very nature of the knowledge accumulated by an individual, since a person is more likely to find an opp ortunity to become an entrepreneur in areas related to the ones he already possess knowledge about. For example, an individual with an academic degree and professional experience in engineering will be more likely to identify an opportunity (originated from a market failure) to offer a product or service in areas related with building and construction instead of entertainment. Supporting this perspective, Cohen and Levinthal (1990) claim that in order to enter a new market it is necessary to overcome knowledge-based barriers since to access those markets it is first necessary to recognize and interpret new external information. Consequently, prior knowledge represents an important selection mechanism for what individuals will be able to identify and take advantages of emerging opportunities. A whole picture of this perspective could be described as differences in idiosyncratic knowledge among individuals as the driver of the likelihood that one person will identify a market failure (entrepreneurial opportunity) that others are not able to; this condition will be enhanced by the existence of information asymmetry. A relevant point that emerges from the arguments above is the fact that characteristics like genetics or personality traces are not among the reasons to explain why some individuals become entrepreneurs while others do not. In fact it seems that this theoretical trend tends to refuse or neglect the arguments that individual characteristics, other than the possession of idiosyncratic knowledge, can explain the existence of entrepreneurial acts. On the other hand, following the Schumpeterian tradition, it is possible to observe a description of situations in which entrepreneurs do not necessarily start their activities based on a market failure. Those situations are likely to be observed when an entrepreneurial act is associated with the creation of a completely novel good, new method of production, new market, new source of supply andor a new form o f industry organization (Schumpeter, 1934, p. 66). While entrepreneurs that build their activities on a market failure are more likely to be found in ordinary and existing markets, this second type of entrepreneur is associated with completely new ideas, concepts and acts of creativity. The definition of entrepreneur proposed by Schumpeter can be easily linked to this second type of individuals described here. According to Schumpeter . . . the function of entrepreneurs is to reform or revolutionize the pattern of production by exploiting an invention or, more generally, an untried technological possibility for producing a new commodity or producing an old one in a new way, by opening up a new source of supply of materials or a new outlet for products, by reorganizing an industry and so on (p. 132). Going deep in the description offered by Schumpeter it is possible to observe that despite the fact that the starting point for an entrepreneurial activity was not a market failure; the e xpected outcome of an entrepreneurial act is indissociable from the destruction of the established economic order, which acts moving the economy away from the steady state. Therefore, the theoretical evidences support that if entrepreneurs do not originate from market failures they are very likely to lead the economic system to a situation of disequilibrium. An interesting point regarding this theoretical trend is the sharply divergences from Kirzner, since the Schumpeterian entrepreneur is described as a heroic figure who will create and introduce revolutionary combinations into the market (Chiles et al., 2007), considered by Schumpeter as differentiated individuals when compared to the whole society. Additionally, considering the magnitude of the impact that an entrepreneurial outcome generate in the economy, according to this perspective entrepreneurs have necessarily to be individuals rarely found, or at least the outcomes originating from an entrepreneur cannot be ordinary happ enings, other way the economic system would be driven into situation of complete chaos (by the effect of a continuous process of creative destruction). An important issue that emerges from the analyses above is the fact that even though innovations have been extensively described as the key function of entrepreneurship, empirical evidences give contradictory results. While it is very tempting to describe entrepreneurs as very creative individuals able to revolutionize the economic system, Singer (1990) argues that entrepreneurial acts can be classified in a continuum that ranges from completely new and innovative to the replication of existing products, services and process. In fact, most of the innovations inserted into the market are heavily based (if not all innovations) on ideas and items already invented, and despite of the lack of originality those products and services can be considered the vast majority of what is brought into the market by entrepreneurs. Shane (2008) giv es a good picture of this fact by describing what he calls the the myth of entrepreneurship. Shane gives four important evidences: 1- Individuals who change jobs more often or who are unemployed are more likely to open their own business, configuring what Block and Sandner (2009) describe as necessity entrepreneurs, characteristic that does not match with the heroic individual; 2- Around 35 to 40 percent of all business started in US each year are concentrated on construction, retail and professional services, which historically are characterized by the low rate of creation of new products, services or organizational forms; 3- Individuals are more likely to start their own companies in poorer and agricultural places than in richer and more industrialized places, which interestingly suggest that entrepreneurs are more likely to emerge in environments with more scarce resources (This is not the case for some specific sectors like software or biotech, but in more traditional and ordina ry ones that seems to be); and finally 4- Considering the percentage of the working-age population it was possible to observe that, in 2002, around 30% of the Turkish individuals, 18% of Spaniards, 10% of Germanys, 8% of Danish and 7% of Americans were self-employed, and the results are even more interesting in pointing out that as much as 40% of the US population will be self-employed at some point of their life. Additionally, it is also possible to observe that each year in the US more people starting their own business than getting married or have children (Shane, 2008, p. 3). Those evidences indicate that entrepreneurs are not very rare individuals with special characteristics, but are very present in the day to day activities of the economy. Although the empirical evidences described above seem to give support to the arguments proposed by authors like Venkataraman (1997), Shane (2000), Chiles et al., (2007) and Cantner et al., al (2007) the attempt to explain why some indivi duals become entrepreneurs solely based on market failures, information asymmetry and prior knowledge presents some limitations. The most notably one is the lack of efforts to incorporate alternative explanations that are not necessarily competing ones, but complementary. For example, the argument that the individuals with prior and related knowledge are the most likely ones to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities is not necessarily contradicted by the existence of genetic predispositions, balanced skills or psychological traces. While the possession of prior knowledge gives an individual great part of the necessary conditions to take advantage or not of an opportunity, it is necessary to explain why some individuals decide to take advantage of it and why others decide not to do that. In the end the ultimate analytical question relies on the decision, since an individual can always choose not to become an entrepreneur even possessing all the necessary conditions. Moreover, the assu mption that a person will always exploit any entrepreneurial opportunity that he/she can identify is highly unrealistic. Additionally, a similar logic can also be applied to the environmental and contextual factors that influence the emergence of entrepreneurs, since the explanations presented here do not provide a more comprehensive description for what industry, institutional or regional settings and conditions can favor or hinge the emergence entrepreneurial opportunities. This way, trying to offer a more realistic framework, the analyses that follow will adopt part of the Austrian tradition assumptions as a baseline to build on and integrate it with complementary explanations. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Example Answer to Exam on Entrepreneurship" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Employees Payroll Schlumberger Example

Essays on Employees Payroll Schlumberger Research Paper Employees and Payroll Compensation is twofold: it can be a salary or a wage. Firstly, the salary is the amount of money paid for a particular job irrespective of the hours worked while wage is the amount received on the prospect of hours worked (Priz, 2005). On the monthly basis, salaries shall be payable in respect of the normal payroll strategies. For instance, the initial term executive base salary was US $ 108,334.00 on the other hand the secondary term was $ 81,250.00 per month. Moreover, annually, the executives participated in health, insurance and welfare programs that are stated as US $ 1,300,000. Eligibility to accrue benefits and profit sharing program during the term of office for the executive shall be US $ 1,300,000 on an annual basis. Executives will participate in incentives plan during the initial term at a 100% basic pay level range however; there will be no participation during the secondary term (Veinot, 1999). In the normal operations of duty in regard to the company the executive will be reimbursed for any amounts incurred such as travel expenses under his duty at work. Intended to retain trained, experienced and able employees, attract new others and stimulate the active interests of persons is an options plan. Three members were appointed by the board of directors where neither of them is neither an officer nor an employee of the company and no eligibility to receive stock options under his tenure (Nehauser Donovan, 2007). Persons who are to participate are to be employees of the company or a subsidiary corporation. In case of retirement or where on is involved in a detrimental activity, it is the discretion of the committee to forfeiture the options. 12,000,000 shares of common stock issued at a par value of $ 0.01 will be subjected to the options plan. The initial term will begin on the effective date, February 9th 2010 till December 31st 2010. Similarly, the secondary term commences on January 1st 2011 till January 31st 2014. Executives affirmed to devote 100% of their time to the business of the company in the initial term. Comparatively, 50% time was to be devoted in the secondary term. There are a number of union labor agreements like the one formed in Egypt and Norway just to mention to cater for employee needs (Gunderson, 2000). The organization chart was descending with Paal Kibsgaard as the chief executive officer; below him was Simon Ayat, Chief financial officer and executive vice president. There were also three presidents, Aaron Gatt Florida, Jean Francois Poupeau and Patrick Schorn in charge of characterization, drilling and production respectively (Ball, 2002). In addition we had different presidents in charge of technology, operations and communication. The levels of education were university graduates to be able to understand the general operations of the company. The executives in the schlumberger limited are to enjoy insurance plans example medical, short and long term disability, welfare schemes and health benefits. Also, incentives plan of 100% on the base pay was enjoyed. Executives would receive cash within 30 days after the effective date during their vacation (Braggs, 2004). Work Cited Ball, C. A. (2002). Take charge of your workers compensation claim an A to Z guide for injured employees (3rd ed.). Berkeley, CA: Bragg, S. M. (2004). Accounting for payroll: a comprehensive guide. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley Sons. Gunderson, M. (2000). Workers compensation: foundations for reform. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Neuhauser, F., Donovan, C. (2007). Fraud in workers compensation payroll reporting how much employer fraud exists : what is the impact on honest employers?. Sacramento, CA.: California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers Compensation. Priz, E. J. (2005). Entrepreneur magazines ultimate guide to workers compensation insurance: secrets for reducing workers compensation costs. Irvine, CA: Entrepreneur Press. Veinot, S. (1999). Management review of the deferred compensation plan program. Seattle, Wash.: The Office. Top of Form

Characteristics of a close relationship Free Essays

Characteristics of a close relationship PSYCH/220 – Positive Psychology: What’s Right with me August 17, 2014 It is safe to say as I move along and our population grows we meet new and interesting people every day. Whether we encounter people on the subway, buses, or elevators we form a bond with people even if all we have in common is taking the same train or bus at the same time every day. These situations build comfort and security, the more and more we see each other eventually It would become a dally outing and a friendship or acquaintance can be formed. We will write a custom essay sample on Characteristics of a close relationship or any similar topic only for you Order Now As stated In chapter 1 1, an intimate relationship does not mean it Is physical or has the potential to become physical; an intimate relationship is structured by six components, an intimate relationship Is formed by Knowledge, Trust, Caring, Interdependence, Mutuality, and commitment. A perfect example for me of this relationship is the one I share with my father. I am 26 years old now and I have been married since I was 20 and I have two beautiful boys, and everything I set a new goal and challenge and I accomplish It I hank my dad because I feel he made me the man I am today. Growing up I was a bit difficult and to be quite honest I did not have much of a relationship with my dad, I was always well defended by my mom and I usually always stuck with her. My father was born on Dominican Republic, so his way of living and ways of being where different from what I seen here with my friends and even on Television. Since he had his way and I felt his way was a bad one we never seen eye to eye and we were choices in life, I noticed his happiness, then I started to realize that my father Just anted the best for all his kids, Just that his methods for expressing himself and actions where outdated. I turned over a new leaf with my dad, I consider my father my superhero, my mentor and best friend especially when I had kids of my own. I realized as a father everything my father did for me and my sibling to path the way for us to succeed. An intimate relationship relies on Knowledge, The knowledge of mutual understanding based on self-disclosure which consists on revealing personal details f one’s self to another. My father and I have reached, when I am in need of advice or help he speaks from experience, tells me if he had ever experienced a particular situation and how he responded to it. Aside from knowledge we must have Trust, in this case is the security that no harm will be done. I trust my father to give me advice and criticism which will better myself and with my best interest at heart. Now as a father I would assume that possessing the characteristics of caring should be unsaid cause it is a father son relationship, however in reaching a new level of appreciation for my dad I have realized that I not only care for my dad as my father but as a person, as another human being. I care for him because he cares for me and my children; he continues to be a great father and even better grandfather. These are Just a few of the many characteristics that my intimate relationship with my father consists of. Every day I am grateful to have established this level communication, comfort, and trust with one another. How to cite Characteristics of a close relationship, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Oblicon Art. 1380-1404 Outline Essay Example

Oblicon Art. 1380-1404 Outline Essay Article 1380 ? Rescissible Contracts ? Those validly agreed upon because all the essential elements exist and, therefore, legally effective. ? They are valid and enforceable although subject to rescission by the court when there is economic damage or prejudice to one of the parties or to a third person. ? Rescission ? A remedy granted by law to the contracting parties and to third persons in order to secure reparation of damages caused by a valid contract ? Requisites of rescission 1. Contract is valid 2. There is lesion/ pecuniary prejudice 3. Based upon a case especially provided by law . No other legal remedy 5. Party asking for rescission must be able to return what he is obliged to restore 6. Object not in legal possession of another 7. Period to file not prescribed Article 1381 ? 5 types of rescissible contracts 1. Contracts entered into in behalf of wards 2. Contracts agreed upon in representation of absentees 3. Contracts undertaken in fraud of creditors a. existing credit prior to the contract to be rescinded b. fraud on the part of the debtor c. creditor cannot recover his credit in any other manner 4. Contracts which refer to things under litigation . All other contracts specially declared by law to be subject to rescission Article 1382 ? Payments made in a state of insolvency ***Payments made in state of insolvency for obligations to whose fulfilment the debtor could not be compelled at the time of they were effected, are also rescissible. *** Article 1383 ? Nature of action for rescission o Rescission is not a principal remedy; only subsidiary, meaning that it can be availed of only if the injured party proves that he has no other legal means aside from rescinding the contract to obtain redress for the damage caused. We will write a custom essay sample on Oblicon Art. 1380-1404 Outline specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Oblicon Art. 1380-1404 Outline specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Oblicon Art. 1380-1404 Outline specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Article 1384 ? Extent of rescission o The rescission shall only be to the extent of the creditor’s unsatisfied credit. Article 1385 ? Rescission creates obligation of mutual restitution o When the court declares a contract rescinded, the parties must return to each other: 1. The object of the contract with its fruits 2. The price thereof with legal interest ? Obligation of third person to restore o The clause â€Å"he who demands rescission† applies to a third person. If the third person has nothing to restore, the article does not apply. ? When rescission does not apply 1. If the party who demands rescission can’t return what he is obliged to restore under the contract 2. If the property is legally in the possession of a third person who acted in good faith. In such case, the remedy would be to demand indemnity for damages from the person who caused the loss. Article 1386 ? Contracts approved by the courts o If a contract entered into in behalf of a ward or absentee has been approved by court, rescission cannot take place because it is valid whether there is lesion or not. Article 1387 ? When alienation presumed in fraud of creditors 1. Alienation by gratuitous title gt; When the donor did not reserve sufficient property to pay all debts contracted before the donation 2. Alienation by onerous title gt; When made by persons against whom some judgment has been rendered in any instance or some writ of attachment has been issued ? Circumstances denominated as badges of fraud 1. Consideration of the conveyance is fictitious or inadequate; 2. A transf er made by a debtor after suit has been begun and while it is pending against him; 3. A sale upon credit by an insolvent debtor; 4. The transfer of all his properties by a debtor, especially when he is insolvent or greatly embarrassed financially; 5. The transfer is made between father and son, when there are present some or any of the above circumstances 6. The failure of the vendee to take exclusive possession of all the property; and 7. It was unknown to the vendee that the vendor had no properties other than that sold to him Article 1388 ? Liability of purchaser in bad faith o The purchaser in bad faith, who acquired the object of contract alienated in fraud of creditors, must return the same if the sale is rescinded and should it be impossible for him to return it, he must indemnify the former. Should there be two or more alienations; the first acquirer shall be liable first, and so on, successively. Article 1389 ? Period for filing action for rescission ? The action to claim rescission must be commenced within four years from the date the contract was entered into. The exceptions are: 1. For guardianship: shall begin from the termination of incapacity 2. For absentees: from the tome the domicile is known ? Persons entitled to bring action 1. the injured party or the defrauded creditor; 2. his heirs, assigns, or successors in interest; or 3. he creditors of the above entitled to subrogation Article 1390 ? Voidable or annullable contracts ? Those which possess all the essential requisites of a valid contract but one of the parties is incapable of giving consent, or consent is vitiated by mistake, violence, intimidation, undue influence, or fraud. ? They are valid and binding unless annulled by a proper action in court. Once ratified, they become absolutely valid and can no longer be annulled. ? Kinds of voidable contracts 1. Legal incapacity to give consent 2. Violation of consent ? Annulment A remedy provided by law, for reason of public interest, for the declaration of the inefficacy of a contract based on a defect or vice in the consent of one of the contracting parties in order to restore them to their original position in which they were before the contract was executed Article 1391 ? Period for filing action for annulment ? The four-year period for bringing an action for annulment of a voidable contract is reckoned: 1. Intimidation, violence, or undue influence: from the time the intimidation, etc. , ceases 2. Mistake or fraud: from the time it is discovered 3. Minors or Incapacitated persons: from the time the guardianship ceases Article 1392 ? Ratification ? Means that one voluntarily adopts some defective or unauthorized act or contract ? Cleanses the contract from all its defects from the moment it was constituted; contract becomes valid; action to annul is extinguished Article 1393 ? Kinds of ratification 1. Express 2. Implied or tacit ? Requisites of ratification 1. Knowledge of the reason which renders contract voidable; 2. Such reason must have ceased; 3. Injured party must have executed an act which necessarily implies/expresses an intention to waive his right Article 1394 ? Who may ratify 1. Contract entered into by an incapacitated person: a. the guardian; or b. the injured party himself when already capacitated 2. In case the contract is voidable on the ground of mistake, etc. , ratification can be made by the party whose consent is vitiated Article 1395 ? Conformity of guilty party to ratification not required Article 1396 ? Effect of ratification retroactive ? The effect of ratification is to make the contract valid from its inception subject to prior rights of third persons Article 1397 ? Party entitled to bring an action to annul Requisites: 1. The plaintiff must have an interest in the contract; and 2. The victim and not the party responsible for the defect is the person who must assert the same ? Right of strangers to bring action One who is not a party to the contract or an assignee has no legal capacity to challenge the validity of such contract. Strangers are without right or personality to bring the action for they are not obliged by the contract, principally or subsidiarily ? Guilty party without right to bring action The guilty party, including his successor in interest, cannot ask for annulment Article 1398 ? Duty of mutual restitution upon annulment 1. If the contract is annulled, the parties must restore to each other (a) the subject matter of the contract with its fruits and (b) the price thereof with legal interest 2. In personal obligations where the service had already been rendered, the value of the service with corresponding interest is the basis for damages Article 1399 ? Restitution by incapacitated person o The incapacitated person is obliged to make restitution only to the extent that he was benefited by the thing or price received by him. Article 1400 ? Effect of loss of the thing to be returned 1. Lost without the fault of the person obliged to make restitution; no more obligation to return such thing. 2. Lost through his fault; obligation is not extinguished but is converted into indemnity for damages Article 1401 ? Extinguishment of action for annulment 1. When the thing which is the object is lost through the fraud or fault of the person who has a right to institute the proceedings 2. The right of action is based upon the incapacity of any one of the contracting parties Article 1402 ? Effect where a party cannot restore what he is bound to return o The return by one party of what he is obliged to restore by the decree of annulment may be regarded as a condition to the fulfilment by the other of what is incumbent upon him. There will be no annulment if the party cannot restore what he is bound to return, even if the loss is due to a fortuitous event Article 1403 ? Unenforceable contract ? Those that cannot be enforced in court or sued upon by reason of certain defects provided by law Although valid, they are unenforceable in court unless they are cured or ratified. Once ratified, they may then be enforceable ? Kinds of unenforceable contracts 1. Those entered into in the name of another by one without, or acting in excess, of authority 2. Those who do not comply with the Statute of Frauds 3. Those where both parties are incapable of giving ? Unauthorized contracts ? Those entered into in the name of another person by one who has been given no authority or legal representation or who has acted beyond his powers ? Statute of Frauds . History 2. Purpose gt; The Statute of Frauds has been enacted not only to prevent fraud but also to guard against the mistakes of honest men by requiring that certain agreements specified that are susceptible to fraud must be in writing; otherwise, they are unenforceable by action in court. 3. Application a. Not applicable in actions which are neither for damages because of a violation of a contract, nor for the specific performance thereof b. Applicable only to executory contracts and not to contracts which are totally or partially performed c. Not-applicable where the contract is admitted expressly, or impliedly by the failure to deny specifically its existence, no further evidence thereof being required in such case d. Applicable only to the agreements enumerated therein e. Not applicable where a writing does not express the true agreement of the parties f. Does not declare that contracts infringing it are void but merely unenforceable g. Defense may be waived h. Defense is personal to the parties and cannot be interposed by strangers to the contract ? Agreements within the scope of the Statute of Frauds 1. Agreement not to be performed within one year from the making thereof 2. Promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another 3. Agreement in consideration of marriage other than mutual promise to marry 4. Agreement for sale of goods, etc. at price not less than ? 500 5. Agreement for leasing for a longer period than one year 6. Agreement for the sale of real property or of an interest therein 7. Representation as to the credit of a third person Article 1404 Unauthorized contracts are governed by article 1317 and the principles of agency in Title X of this Book.